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….heres  something interesting

Splendid Toadfish (Sanopus splendidus)

The Splendid toadfish is completely endemic to Cozumel. Unlike the other members of the toadfish family, the splendid toadfish is distinctive for its vibrant colors. This species is commonly found under coral outcroppings in caves and crevices, they are very shy and usually only come out of their hole at night to hunt. Take a flashlight with you on your next dive and try to find one, or two!

 

 Lionfish (Pterois volitans)

Venomous lionfish—its red-and-white zebra stripes, long, showy pectoral fins,relies on camouflage and lighting.  These lionfish, as dangouraos as they are pretty, here in the Carribean are an invasive species that can devastate the reef. With no predators, the Lionfish reproduce to excess and eat the reef bare.

Check out PADI’s Lionfish Hunter Specialty! 

 

   Spotted Eagle Ray (Aetobatus narinari)

The spotted eagle ray can be found in tropical and temperate warm waters across the globe, from the Gulf of Mexico to the eastern Atlantic and Indo-Pacific. The body is normally thicker than other rays.  An odd shovel-shaped snout and mouth that resembles an eagle are unique characteristics of this ray. These magnificent animals can be seen anytime of the year but are most common during December to February. Make sure to bring your camera! 

   Carribbean Reef Octopus (Octopus briareus)

The Caribbean reef octopus inhabit Cozumel’s coral reef. Rarely seen during the day, these creatures of the night are a treat to the eyes. marine animal. Having eight long arms that vary in length and diameter put on a great show by changing  colors and texture to blend into its surroundings, using specialised skin cells known as chromatophores. Its color range is incredibly large; it can change from crimson to green, and bumpy to smooth, all in the blink of an eye. You’ll see plenty on our night dives in “Octopus City”.

 

Cozumel

 

 1. Island of the swallows

  • The name Cozumel was derived from the Mayan "Cuzamil" the Island of Swallows The island is located in the Caribbean  along the eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula about 90 km (56 mi) south of Cancún and 10 km (6.2 mi) from the mainland. The island is about 48 km (30 mi) long and 16 km (9.9 mi) wide. It is Mexico's largest Caribbean island, The majority of the population of island lives in the town of San Miguel which is on the island's western shore. The island is covered with an impenetrable jungle which has many endemic animal species. Cozumel is a flat island based on limestone, he highest natural point on the island is less than 15 m (49 ft) above sea level. In the early 1990s, a group of cave explorers here discovered the 5th largest underwater cave in the world.
   2. Cozumel: Getting around:
  • Cozumel, like many Cities and Towns in Mexico is laid out in a grid pattern. The main road is called Benito Juarez and runs east-west. All roads running parallel to Juarez, are called Calles (streets) Those to the South (Sur) are numbered odd, 1,3,5, etc. with a few named Calles. Those to the North (Norte) are even numbered, 2, 4, 6, etc. The cross streets those paralleling the Main Road, Avenida Rafael Melgar, also known as the Malecon (boardwalk or esplanade) are Avenues (Avenidas) and are numbered in fives: 5th Ave, 10th Ave, 15th Ave etc. No one gets lost in Cozumel.
 

3. Main plaza

  4. Palacio
 

Mexico

 

1. Tequila:

  • Tequila (Spanish pronunciation: [teˈkila]) is a regional name for a distilled beverage made from the blue agave plant, in the area surrounding the city of Tequila, 65 km (40 mi) northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands (Los Altos) of the north western Mexican state of Jalisco. Tequila can be consumed straight or in a margarita. One tequila, two tequila, three tequila, floor.
 

2. Chitznitza

  • The brilliant ruins of Chichén Itzá evidence a dazzling ancient city that once centered the Maya empire in Central America. The stepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades, and other stone structures of Chichén Itzá were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200. Viewed as a whole, the incredible complex reveals much about the Maya and Toltec vision of the universe—which was intimately tied to what was visible in the dark night skies of the Yucatán Peninsula. Visiting this UNESCO World Heritage Site is a day trip away!
 

3. Seal of Mexico

  • The coat of arms of Mexico as its flag is an important and has been for centuries before the Spaniards arrived. The coat of arms depicts a Golden Eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus devouring a snake. To the indigenous people of Tenochtitlan this would have strong religious connotations, but to the Europeans, it would come to symbolize the triumph of good over evil.
  • Photo seal.
   

3. The Great Meso-American Reef.

  • The Great Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, also known as the Great Mayan Reef, stretches over 600 miles from Isla Contoy in the north all the way to the Bay Islands in Honduras. The reef system includes various protected areas and parks including the Rarifies de Cozumel National Park, and the Kayos Cochins Marine Park. Surpassed only by the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef is the second largest barrier reef in the world and the largest coral reef in the Western Hemisphere. The Mesoamerican Reef contains more than 66 species of stony corals and more than 500 species of fish, as well as several species of sea turtles, dolphins and whale sharks.
  • Map  meso reef
 

Diving

   Pearl diving in Mexico
  • Mexican natives began pearl diving approximately 7,000 years ago. Lacking metal knives, the natives threw the oyster shells into the fire, often resulting in blackened pearls. When Spanish explorers landed in Mexico, they pried the oysters open with their sharp knives to reveal milky-white pearls, rivaling those found in the Middle East or Asia. As the Spanish began settling in Mexico, they sent thousands of pearls to Europe, making pearls a vital export and showing the world Spain’s wealth in the New World. Cozumel has its family owned pearl farm in the north of the island. Schedule a visit on a “dry” day!
 

Early Diving Gear

  • "A bell was sent to the bottom, and then weighted, the assistant surviving on the air trapped in the bell, and the diver, wearing another smaller "diving bell" on his head, could make his way around a bit to the extent of the tube which would draw on the air in the bell. The two would be resupplied with air in weight barrels sent down from topside, to be retrieved by the diver and lugged over to the bell."
 

Nudibranchia

  • In the warm Carribiean of Cozumel there are many different species of Nudibranchs;  meaning “exposed lungs” these are soft-bodied sea slugs and are members of the class Gastropoda..  Nudibranches, or Nudies can be found anywhere from the depths of the ocean, to tidal pools, to coral reefs, but are most diverse in tropical waters. They are usually no more than an inch long here and are hard to find. These come in all different colors and designs and spotting them is a sure sign of being a good divemaster. 
   Flamingo Tongue (Cyphoma gibbosum)
  • Common on many Caribbean and Atlantic coral reefs, the flamingo tongue snail feeds on toxic sea fans and not only suffers no harm, it incorporates the fans' venom and becomes toxic itself. Shell collectors are often attracted to the colorful snails, but in fact the shell itself is white—it’s only the living animal inside that produces the striking color pattern by wrapping his mantle around the shell. So when you see one, look, but don’t touch; if you do, the snail will retract leaving you with just a white shell.